There are many progresses made in human genomics, which have changed the approach towards diagnosis and therapeutic diseases. There are many ways discovered for curing inherited genetic diseases as well as settling crucial diagnostic troubles. Nucleic acid testing has become an important tool for a variety of diseases.
Molecular testing can help in guiding most relevant therapies for different diseases. The study is termed as Pharmacogenomics. There are newly crafted ways to apply gene therapy or biological response modification. There are ways offered for finding out disease prognosis and response of therapies on the disease. Most of the lab testing is done on RNA or DNA analysis from the year 2005. There are different steps involved in finding genetic approach for diagnosing and treating the diseases.
The art of molecular testing is an integrated element for advanced patient care. There are many applications for getting molecular diagnostic techniques, including PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction), DNA chip technology, FISH (Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization) and SKI (Spectral Karyotype Imaging).
Molecular Diagnostics theory is mounting rapidly. There are molecular diagnostic tests for finding out defects in RNA or DNA. There are many clinical apps found in different infectious areas of human body. There are three basic steps included in diagnostics with molecules:
Nucleic Acid extraction and purification.
Making different copies of nucleic acid, its amplification or attachment of different clubbed copies to a single target zone.
To detect amplified target by using real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) or detection of end product or sequencing.
These are the major steps performed by three devices combined into a single device. CLIA (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act) and FDA (Federal Drug Administration) can regulate these laboratory tests. Molecular theory can help in treating many diseases and there are many chronic diseases, which can be cured with molecular diagnostic theory.